Callback form

Provide us with your phone number

Callback form

Your callback has been sent sucessfully

© Aspect Montage, Inc.. All rights reserved. Powered by Aspectmontage.

Installing replacement vinyl windows
Window replacement

Installing replacement vinyl windows

How to properly perform maintenance, installation replacement of windows in an apartment and a house. Advice from specialists in the installation of windows of the company Aspectmontage MA

Installing replacement vinyl windows  Boston
Window replacement
Window replacement

Replacement vinyl windows

PVC windows do not require expensive maintenance, but only if performed correctly, considering the weather and technological nuances. Improper installation leads to condensation, black mold stains, ice, rattling low tide, and, worst-case, cracking of the glass.

This article is helpful for those who want to perform a step-by-step installation of plastic windows with their own hands or to control the work of artisans.


The basic principles of installation vinyl window

  • the temperature deformations of the materials and details (necessary for the climate of Yaroslavl);
  • reliable fixation of the window frame;
  • joint tightness of the installation seam (the joint between the frame and the opening).

The design of the plastic window

The essential elements are three:

  • frame;
  • insulating glass unit;
  • fittings.

The frame is the load-bearing part of the structure. Inside is a strong profile - the base, which may be plastic or metal (in the latter case, the window is called reinforced). The space around the shape is divided into sections (chambers). There can be two (two-chamber profiles), 3, 4, and maximum 7: the more, the better and warmer the PVC product.

A double-glazed window consists of 2, 3, or more glasses. The space between the two panes of glass is called a chamber (at least there can be 2). The air in the chambers does not let the noise and cold. Instead, the chambers can be filled with inert gas - it does a better job of keeping out heat and noise.

The glazing unit is held inside the profile by a glazing bead - a flexible strip made of plastic.

Fittings - a set of locking mechanisms, handles, and other elements necessary for locking and unlocking sashes.

The movable part of the window unit is called a sash. It can be rotary or tilt and turn. In the places of contact of the sashes laid gaskets - rubber, rubber, or silicone tape necessary for airtight closing.

Deaf (non-opening) parts may be divided into sections by imposts - vertical racks made of plastic.

Window construction stands on a PVC support profile, separating the lower frame and the wall part. It prevents the formation of "cold bridges." Reduces the risk of condensation.


Additional elements vinyl window

Soffits are the decorative strips on the sides and above covering the wall around the plastic frame. It can be made of plaster or removable materials - plasterboard or plastic panels.

Sill - an overhang at the bottom of the window.

Sill - "sill" on the street side. Protects the installation joint from moisture and rain.

Step-by-step installation

It consists of the following steps:

  • measurements;
  • removal of the old elements;
  • surface preparation;
  • installation;
  • installation of the sills;
  • window sill installation;
  • the final step and quality control.

Measurements

Rules of measurement:

Measures the space on the inside and outside, height, width, and diagonal.

Width and length are measured in several places, as the wall surfaces are not perfectly flat. The final value is taken as the minimum value.

If the opening outside is less than on the room side, it is "with a quarter." So they call the wall ledge on the street side, holding the glass unit from falling out. The name appeared because of the width of 6.5 cm, equal to ¼ brick. Different measurement rules apply for such houses.

А. Measurements for homes with a quarter

Calculate the inside width of the opening:

measure the distance between the visible walls on the outside (A);

using a stylus or a screwdriver with a long rod, take several measurements of the quarters on the sides (B1 and B2);

the width (C) equals the sum of the previous two parameters: B1+A+B2.

Determine the height:

measure the distance (H) from the point of contact of the sill with the profile to the wall ledge at the top;

use a stylus or screwdriver, and make several measurements of the upper quarter (B3);

the height of the opening is the sum of these two values: U=H+B3.

Based on the received results, we find out the width of the window unit:

if the depth of the quarter is less than 40 mm: from the inner width of the opening (C), subtract 20 mm on the left and 20 mm on the right (20 mm is the gap for the installation seam);

if the depth is greater than 40 mm: to the distance between the visible walls on the outside (A), add 25 mm on the left and 25 mm on the right (25 - the recommended width for the introduction of the unit for a quarter).

In the same way, find out the height of the window unit:

if the quarter (B3) is less than 40 mm, the height of the product is equal to the size of the opening (U) - 20 mm from the top and 20 mm from the bottom (20 mm - the average gap);

if more than 40 mm, then: the distance between the sill and the ledge (H) + 25 (25 mm is the recommended value for placing the unit over the ledge).

  1. Measurements for houses without a quarter

Measurements are taken from the outside. First, please consider the plaster layer: its thickness can be found with a narrow screwdriver-dipstick.

We get the box width: the distance between the walls on the outside (A) - 20 mm on the sides (20 mm is the gap for the installation seam)

We get the height: the distance between the point where the drip molding meets the profile and the top edge of the opening (H) - 25 mm.

We size the drip moldings and window sill and overlaps on the soffits.

The length of the drip molding equals the distance between the slopes on the outside plus 100 mm.

The depth of the drip molding equals the depth of the outer lining plus 50 mm.

The sill length equals the distance between the soffits on the inside, plus 200 mm.

The sill depth is the sum of the depth of the soffit and the sill projection (from 1-5 cm, but it should not cover the radiator by more than a third).

The height of the side panel is the height of the window sill + 50 mm (2 such overlays are required).

The depth of the side panel in the room coincides with the width of the window sill if it recedes from the inner edge not more than 5 cm.

The length of the panel from the top is the length of the upper slope + 100 mm (one overlay is required);

The depth of the panel from the top is the depth of the upper lining.

Removal of old windows

Protect furniture and surfaces from dirt.

Prepare:

  • hammer;
  • hacksaw;
  • nail gun;
  • adjustable wrench;
  • crowbar;
  • screwdriver;
  • trowel;
  • screwdriver;
  • grinder.
Dismantle the wooden frame (without saving the product):
  • remove the sashes;
  • take out the window sill (use a hacksaw or bolt cutter);
  • cut out the frame posts;
  • unscrew or remove fasteners with a nail gun, and remove the window frame. 

Dismantle PVC system:

remove the sashes;

remove glazing bars of the blind parts and take out the panes;

Remove the window sill: use a hammer and an angle grinder to remove the concrete slab and a chisel and hammer for wood, marble, and plastic. Work carefully, do not damage the bottom edge;

Remove the drip moldings;

Remove the frame structure: it is more convenient to use a mill, but you can work with a hacksaw or jigsaw;

Remove the slopes (of plasterboard, plastic); if they are cemented, this step skip;

Remove insulation;

clean the remains of mixtures and other materials with a trowel and brush.

Preparation of the surfaces

All work consists of leveling and priming the wall surfaces.

 

Leveling

The opening must be as "rectangular" as possible, without potholes and protrusions. GOST 30971-2012 recommends that vertical and horizontal deviations not exceed 4 mm per 1 meter. And the unevenness should not be deeper (higher) than 1 cm.




Preparing

The wall part is cleaned of glue and cement residue, and dents, potholes, and other defects are repaired.

 

The surfaces are primed with primers. At the last stage, we recommend applying primer with a waterproofing effect. This prevents water from getting into the installation joint.

 

Preparation is required for the inside and sides of the quarter. First, the irregularities are sealed with cement mortar or special mixtures such as Remsostav Kreps. Ready compositions are intense and hardened in a few minutes.

 

Installation

There are two mounting technologies:

 

with preliminary removal of the insulating glass unit;

Without removal of the insulating glass unit.

Installation with the removal of insulating glass unit (with the help of anchors or dowels)

The technology of installing plastic windows with the removal of insulating glass units is chosen when mounting large windows with an area of 4 square meters.

 

The essence of the technology is that the frame is drilled through, and its inner bearing profile is attached to the wall. The fasteners used are anchors and dowels.

 

Select the fasteners.

 

Remove the sashes and remove the glass unit.

Use ordinary pliers to remove the wings and remove the insulating glass unit:

 

Remove the decorative plugs from the overhang;

open the sash;

squeeze out the rod (metal rod inside the hinge) from above and below;

mark the glazing beads so as not to mix them up when returning them into place;

remove the vertical glazing beads (use a "shoemaker knife");

remove horizontal glazing beads (gently wrench them out of their grooves);

remove the glazing unit from the frame.

If the house is with a quarter, before starting the installation, glue on the perimeter of the profile PSUL tape - vapor-permeable sealing tape for self ventilation of the plastic.


Fix the frame, and align it horizontally/vertically

Use mounting wedges and shims. They will support the structure during installation. Use plastic or wood shims to compensate for slopes, if any. Acceptable deviations of the wall opening from the vertical/horizontal are not more than 4 mm per 1 meter, and variations of the frame are not more than 1.5 per 1 meter.

Fasten the window unit:

on the inner surface of the frame, mark the locations of the fasteners;

Make a marking on the covers to which the box will be attached;

choose a drill bit for an electric drill according to the diameter of the anchor bolt;

Make holes in the profile according to the markings;

Take a hammer or training, and make holes in the walls. Set the hammer to "no hammer" if it is not a concrete surface.

The recommended distance between adjacent anchors is 60-70 cm.

In a concrete wall, anchor to a depth of 40 mm, in masonry (natural stone) - 50 mm, lightweight concrete - 60 mm.

Start anchoring from the bottom of the structure. Insert the anchor, but do not tighten it, and first check the vertical/horizontal position of the product. Next, do the same at the middle and top of the frame. After ensuring the box is level, tighten the anchors as far as they go. If any deviation occurs, remove the fasteners and level the window frame again.

Put plugs in the anchor points if the fasteners have "gone into the frame." Remove mounting wedges if you use them. Next, assemble the unit in the reverse order: insert the glazing unit, install glazing beads, and tap with a rubber hammer (mallet) so that the glazing beads are pressed tightly against the glass. Note that the black rubber may leave marks on the white plastic.


Place the installation seam.

The installation joint has three layers:

Outer vapor permeable - PSUL tape;

The central one - installation foam with heat-insulating effect;

The inner vapor barrier - the tape or mastic.

Such a structure does not allow moisture and vapor to penetrate from the room into the joint and does not let the cold and humidity from the street into the room. The seam is ventilated from the street side: all moisture accumulated in it escapes to the outside, not inside the room.

Apply PSUL tape before installing the frame. Could you not allow it to crease? Do not apply plaster or other compounds to the tape.

Apply the foam:

choose foam based on the temperature outside: see the instructions for use on the aerosol;

Before applying the material, moisten the surfaces or apply a primer (the rule does not apply if it is minus outside);

Apply the foam in a continuous line, do not leave voids or gaps;

Do not cut off the excess foam on the outside;

cut off the extra foam on the inside if it is planned to lay a vapor barrier;

If the gap between the frame and the walls is enormous, the foam should be applied in layers, each time waiting for the polymerization of the previous layer.

On the side of the room, glue vapor barrier tape over the resulting seam, not forgetting to make an overlap in the corners.

Install the sill. 

This should be done immediately to prevent rainwater and dirt in the installation space:

Glue a vapor-permeable diffuse tape to the bottom seam on the street side;

lay a sealing tape over the substructure profile on the street side;

fasten the drip molding to the trim profile with screws;

Use silicone or mastic to seal joints.

Install window sill.

Proceed to the work after the curing of the joint. First, cut from a sheet of PVC window sill the desired size (use a jigsaw or grinder). Optimal measures: frontal overhang - at least 1-5 cm, but no more than 1/3 of the radiator outlet, side overhangs - 3-7 cm.

Free space under the window sill caulk with foam. To prevent it from rising in the process of expanding polyurethane, put a weight on the surface.

To eliminate gaps between the mating surfaces at the last installation stage, use silicone sealant.

Mounting the frame without removing the insulating glass unit (on the anchor plates)

The unit is attached to the anchor plates. One part of the plate is fixed on the profile; the other is set on the wall. The bending angle of the anchor plate can be selected according to the size of the joint. Fixing to the wall is carried out at least at two points, using dowels with locking screws.

The advantages of using anchor plates

the integrity of the frame is not violated: the profile does not need to drill;

there are special rotating plates for fixing windows of complex configurations (curved, triangular, polygonal);

the optimal type of fastening for houses of type P-44 of old construction, when the owners do not know what the walls consist of, whether there are voids inside, or other difficulties that prevent installation on the anchor dowels.

The method is unsuitable for installing window panes larger than 4 square meters. The plate may not be able to support the weight of the structure.


Rules for fixing the plates

The plates on the perimeter are located no closer than 1 m;

the indent from the corner, not more than 25 cm;

First of all, precisely in the middle of the frame-mounted central plate;

use self-tapping screws with a drill (marked "on metal");

it would help if you had a gap between the profile and the wall in the 2-3.5 cm range. If less, form a recess in the slopes under the plates.

Procedure:

Insert the frame, align the position with the help of wedges, pads, and construction level;

Fix the plates in the opening: for work on the brick and concrete base, take dowels 6x40, wooden surfaces well hold PVC structures on screws 4.2x45;

Fixing the plates, perform sequentially: start with the lower-left corner, then go to the right. Then proceed to the middle and upper fasteners.

Finishing stage

The final stage is the installation of elements that improve aesthetics and functionality. These include:

decorative soffits: they can be of sandwich panels in the color of the profile or in the form of a layer of gypsum plaster (can be painted);

child lock;

mosquito net;

joint masking element - a decorative element for masking the joint;

A gravity ventilating valve: for continuous natural ventilation of the room.

When is the best time to do the installation?

The peak of requests to companies in Yaroslavl for installing PVC windows is in the warm season. Winter installation imposes additional difficulties. It is more difficult to leave the opening unprotected for a long time. Requires the careful selection of foam and other materials that reveal their characteristics under certain conditions.

There are advantages to replacing windows in the winter. You can immediately detect flaws (frost penetration, condensation). In the cold season, there are fewer requests for installation, and you do not have to wait long for your turn. Also, there are promotions and discounts on structure in winter, especially when ordering several designs.


Contact us

Sales manager

+16178741284

Installation Manager

+16172319069

Callback form

Provide us with your phone number

Callback form

Your callback has been sent sucessfully

Contact our specialist for any question related to the installation of doors. We will answer all questions. You can call the number directly or write to the support chat. 
Or request a call back: we will call you back at a convenient time for you.
Affordable window replacement
Affordable window replacement
Window replacement MA
Order Window replacement
Window replacement
“Easy Booking
Window replacement”

Schedule a free online consultation today
+1 617 874 1284

Callback form

Provide us with your phone number

Callback form

Your callback has been sent sucessfully

Window replacement
Aspectmontage Window replacement
aspectmontage andersen constractor
Contact

Sales manager

+16178741284

Installation Manager

+16172319069

Location

Office:

236 Humphrey Street Swampscott 01907 Massachusetts US

Aspect Montage, Inc.

  • Mo – Fr
    8 am – 8 pm
Follow Us

© aspectmontage.com  All rights reserved.
Powered by Seo-web.

_
 Window replacement Abington
Window replacement Acton
Window replacement Acushnet
Window replacement Adams
Window replacement Agawam
Window replacement Alford
Window replacement Amesbury
Window replacement Amherst
Window replacement Andover
Window replacement Aquinnah
Window replacement Arlington
Window replacement Ashburnham
Window replacement Ashby
Window replacement Ashfield
Window replacement Ashland
Window replacement Athol
Window replacement Attleboro
Window replacement Auburn
Window replacement Avon
Window replacement Ayer
Window replacement Barnstable
Window replacement Barre
Window replacement Becket
Window replacement Bedford
Window replacement Belchertown
Window replacement Bellingham
Window replacement Belmont
Window replacement Berkley
Window replacement Berlin
Window replacement Bernardston
Window replacement Beverly
Window replacement Billerica
Window replacement Blackstone
Window replacement Blandford
Window replacement Bolton
Window replacement Boston
Window replacement Bourne
Window replacement Boxborough
Window replacement Boxford
Window replacement Boylston
Window replacement Braintree
Window replacement Brewster
Window replacement Bridgewater
Window replacement Brimfield
Window replacement Brockton
Window replacement Brookfield
Window replacement Brookline
Window replacement Buckland
Window replacement Burlington
Window replacement Cambridge
Window replacement Canton
Window replacement Carlisle
Window replacement Carver
Window replacement Charlemont
Window replacement Charlton
Window replacement Chatham
Window replacement Chelmsford
Window replacement Chelsea
Window replacement Cheshire
Window replacement Chester
Window replacement Chesterfield
Window replacement Chicopee
Window replacement Chilmark
Window replacement Clarksburg
Window replacement Clinton
Window replacement Cohasset
Window replacement Colrain
Window replacement Concord
Window replacement Conway
Window replacement Cummington
Window replacement Dalton
Window replacement Danvers
Window replacement Dartmouth
Window replacement Dedham
Window replacement Deerfield
Window replacement Dennis
Window replacement Dighton
Window replacement Douglas
Window replacement Dover
Window replacement Dracut
Window replacement Dudley
Window replacement Dunstable
Window replacement Duxbury
Window replacement East Bridgewater
Window replacement East Brookfield
Window replacement East Longmeadow
Window replacement Eastham
Window replacement Easthampton
 
Window replacement Scituate
Window replacement Seekonk
Window replacement Sharon
Window replacement Sheffield
Window replacement Shelburne
Window replacement Sherborn
Window replacement Shirley
Window replacement Shrewsbury
Window replacement Shutesbury
Window replacement Somerset
Window replacement Somerville
Window replacement South Hadley
Window replacement Southampton
Window replacement Southborough
Window replacement Southbridge
Window replacement Southwick
Window replacement Spencer
Window replacement Springfield
Window replacement Sterling
Window replacement Stockbridge
Window replacement Stoneham
Window replacement Stoughton
Window replacement Stow
Window replacement Sturbridge
Window replacement Sudbury
Window replacement Sunderland
Window replacement Sutton
Window replacement Swampscott
Window replacement Swansea
Window replacement Taunton
Window replacement Templeton
Window replacement Tewksbury
Window replacement Tisbury
Window replacement Tolland
Window replacement Topsfield
Window replacement Townsend
Window replacement Truro
Window replacement Tyngsborough
Window replacement Tyringham
Window replacement Upton
Window replacement Uxbridge
Window replacement Wakefield
Window replacement Wales
Window replacement Walpole
Window replacement Waltham
Window replacement Ware
Window replacement Wareham
Window replacement Warren
Window replacement Warwick
Window replacement Washington
Window replacement Watertown
Window replacement Wayland
Window replacement Webster
Window replacement Wellesley
Window replacement Wellfleet
Window replacement Wendell
Window replacement Wenham
Window replacement West Boylston
Window replacement West Bridgewater
Window replacement West Brookfield
Window replacement West Newbury
Window replacement West Springfield
Window replacement West Stockbridge
Window replacement West Tisbury
Window replacement Westborough
Window replacement Westfield
Window replacement Westford
Window replacement Westhampton
Window replacement Westminster
Window replacement Weston
Window replacement Westport
Window replacement Westwood
Window replacement Weymouth
Window replacement Whately
Window replacement Whitman
Window replacement Wilbraham
Window replacement Williamsburg
Window replacement Williamstown
Window replacement Wilmington
Window replacement Winchendon
Window replacement Winchester
Window replacement Windsor
Window replacement Winthrop
Window replacement Woburn
Window replacement Worcester
Window replacement Worthington
Window replacement Wrentham
Window replacement Yarmouth
 Window replacement Medford
Window replacement Medway
Window replacement Melrose
Window replacement Mendon
Window replacement Merrimac
Window replacement Methuen
Window replacement Middleborough
Window replacement Middlefield
Window replacement Middleton
Window replacement Milford
Window replacement Millbury
Window replacement Millis
Window replacement Millville
Window replacement Milton
Window replacement Monroe
Window replacement Monson
Window replacement Montague
Window replacement Monterey
Window replacement Montgomery
Window replacement Mount Washington
Window replacement Nahant
Window replacement Nantucket
Window replacement Natick
Window replacement Needham
Window replacement New Ashford
Window replacement New Bedford
Window replacement New Braintree
Window replacement New Marlborough
Window replacement New Salem
Window replacement Newbury
Window replacement Newburyport
Window replacement Newton
Window replacement Norfolk
Window replacement North Adams
Window replacement North Andover
Window replacement North Attleborough
Window replacement North Brookfield
Window replacement North Reading
Window replacement Northampton
Window replacement Northborough
Window replacement Northbridge
Window replacement Northfield
Window replacement Norton
Window replacement Norwell
Window replacement Norwood
Window replacement Oak Bluffs
Window replacement Oakham
Window replacement Orange
Window replacement Orleans
Window replacement Otis
Window replacement Oxford
Window replacement Palmer
Window replacement Paxton
Window replacement Peabody
Window replacement Pelham
Window replacement Pembroke
Window replacement Pepperell
Window replacement Peru
Window replacement Petersham
Window replacement Phillipston
Window replacement Pittsfield
Window replacement Plainfield
Window replacement Plainville
Window replacement Plymouth
Window replacement Plympton
Window replacement Princeton
Window replacement Provincetown
Window replacement Quincy
Window replacement Randolph
Window replacement Raynham
Window replacement Reading
Window replacement Rehoboth
Window replacement Revere
Window replacement Richmond
Window replacement Rochester
Window replacement Rockland
Window replacement Rockport
Window replacement Rowe
Window replacement Rowley
Window replacement Royalston
Window replacement Russell
Window replacement Rutland
Window replacement Salem
Window replacement Salisbury
Window replacement Sandisfield
Window replacement Sandwich
Window replacement Saugus
Window replacement Savoy

 Window replacement Easton
Window replacement Edgartown
Window replacement Egremont
Window replacement Erving
Window replacement Essex
Window replacement Everett
Window replacement Fairhaven
Window replacement Fall River
Window replacement Falmouth
Window replacement Fitchburg
Window replacement Florida
Window replacement Foxborough
Window replacement Framingham
Window replacement Franklin
Window replacement Freetown
Window replacement Gardner
Window replacement Georgetown
Window replacement Gill
Window replacement Gloucester
Window replacement Goshen
Window replacement Gosnold
Window replacement Grafton
Window replacement Granby
Window replacement Granville
Window replacement Great Barrington
Window replacement Greenfield
Window replacement Groton
Window replacement Groveland
Window replacement Hadley
Window replacement Halifax
Window replacement Hamilton
Window replacement Hampden
Window replacement Hancock
Window replacement Hanover
Window replacement Hanson
Window replacement Hardwick
Window replacement Harvard
Window replacement Harwich
Window replacement Hatfield
Window replacement Haverhill
Window replacement Hawley
Window replacement Heath
Window replacement Hingham
Window replacement Hinsdale
Window replacement Holbrook
Window replacement Holden
Window replacement Holland
Window replacement Holliston
Window replacement Holyoke
Window replacement Hopedale
Window replacement Hopkinton
Window replacement Hubbardston
Window replacement Hudson
Window replacement Hull
Window replacement Huntington
Window replacement Ipswich
Window replacement Kingston
Window replacement Lakeville
Window replacement Lancaster
Window replacement Lanesborough
Window replacement Lawrence
Window replacement Lee
Window replacement Leicester
Window replacement Lenox
Window replacement Leominster
Window replacement Leverett
Window replacement Lexington
Window replacement Leyden
Window replacement Lincoln
Window replacement Littleton
Window replacement Longmeadow
Window replacement Lowell
Window replacement Ludlow
Window replacement Lunenburg
Window replacement Lynn
Window replacement Lynnfield
Window replacement Malden
Window replacement Manchester-by-the-Sea
Window replacement Mansfield
Window replacement Marblehead
Window replacement Marion
Window replacement Marlborough
Window replacement Marshfield
Window replacement Mashpee
Window replacement Mattapoisett
Window replacement Maynard
Window replacement Medfield

Window replacement bethesda